464 pp., 6.125 x 9.25, 22 halftones, 6 maps, notes, index
Published for the Omohundro Institute of Early American History and Culture, Williamsburg, Virginia
2016 Frederick Jackson Turner Award, Organization of American Historians
Honorable Mention, 2015 John Lyman Book Award, North American Society for Oceanic History
Analyzing the rise and subsequent fall of international piracy from the perspective of colonial hinterlands, Mark G. Hanna explores the often overt support of sea marauders in maritime communities from the inception of England's burgeoning empire in the 1570s to its administrative consolidation by the 1740s. Although traditionally depicted as swashbuckling adventurers on the high seas, pirates played a crucial role on land. Far from a hindrance to trade, their enterprises contributed to commercial development and to the economic infrastructure of port towns.
English piracy and unregulated privateering flourished in the Pacific, the Caribbean, and the Indian Ocean because of merchant elites' active support in the North American colonies. Sea marauders represented a real as well as a symbolic challenge to legal and commercial policies formulated by distant and ineffectual administrative bodies that undermined the financial prosperity and defense of the colonies. Departing from previous understandings of deep-sea marauding, this study reveals the full scope of pirates' activities in relation to the landed communities that they serviced and their impact on patterns of development that formed early America and the British Empire.
"Hanna's well-argued and exhaustively researched book will stand as the critical work on early modern British piracy for some time, but it is also essential reading for anyone interested in the development of the empire."
--William and Mary Quarterly
“This work enlarges the understanding of piracy [and] . . . enriches and displays the maritime foundations of the British Empire. . . . Highly recommended.”
“Ably details the symbiotic relationship between pirates and colonial ports [and] illuminates the differences in perspective between England and her colonies.”
--Pirates and Privateers
“Enriched by copious notes that will reward readers with a wealth of data, as well as entertaining and engrossing historiographical context.”
"Affecting developments as disparate as silversmithing and slavery, print media and judicial practices, international law and domestic labor systems, piracy was central to English colonization in the Americas. Pirate Nests challenges us to rethink both the microhistories and the metanarratives of English expansion and the colonies' legacy to the United States."
--Elizabeth Mancke, University of New Brunswick
"Hanna's compelling analysis illuminates the role of 'pirate nest' ports in recruiting, supplying, and harboring early modern English pirates. Valuable in the launch, defense, and development of new settlements, pirates became unwelcome and expensive disruptions for the more prosperous and better-organized empire that gradually eliminated them. Excellent book."
--Ian Steele, University of Western Ontario emeritus
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