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192 pp., 6.125 x 9.25, 18 halftones, appends., bibl., index

ISBN  978-1-4696-1400-7
Published: April 2014

Steel Closets

Voices of Gay, Lesbian, and Transgender Steelworkers

By Anne Balay

Awards & Distinctions

2014 Sara A. Whaley Prize, National Women's Studies Association

2015 Choice Outstanding Academic Title

2015 Dr. Betty Berzon Emerging Writer Award, Lambda Literary

Even as substantial legal and social victories are being celebrated within the gay rights movement, much of working-class America still exists outside the current narratives of gay liberation. In Steel Closets, Anne Balay draws on oral history interviews with forty gay, lesbian, and transgender steelworkers, mostly living in northwestern Indiana, to give voice to this previously silent and invisible population. She presents powerful stories of the intersections of work, class, gender, and sexual identity in the dangerous industrial setting of the steel mill. The voices and stories captured by Balay--by turns alarming, heroic, funny, and devastating--challenge contemporary understandings of what it means to be queer and shed light on the incredible homophobia and violence faced by many: nearly all of Balay's narrators remain closeted at work, and many have experienced harassment, violence, or rape.

Through the powerful voices of queer steelworkers themselves, Steel Closets provides rich insight into an understudied part of the LGBT population, contributing to a growing body of scholarship that aims to reveal and analyze a broader range of gay life in America.

About the Author

Anne Balay teaches at Haverford College.


"Their stories challenge our convenient stereotypes of what it means to be queer and how that has changed through time."
--Chicago Sun Times

"[A] well-wrought contribution to LGBT studies."
--Library Journal

“An eye-opening read; you won’t forget these interviews.”

"Balay’s life-changing book is a compelling 192-page study exploring how sexuality and gender overlap in the sprawling steel mills of Northwest Indiana. . . . Groundbreaking."
--Chicago Post-Tribune

“[This] original, insightful, well-written, and concise story of class, gender, sexuality, and sometimes race is at turns harrowing and exciting. . . . Highly recommended.”

“Anne Balay has produced an astonishing work of ethnography. As a testament to the sheer magnitude of suffering, resourcefulness, and perseverance of our queer sisters and brothers in steel, she has written a labor of love.”
--Women’s Review of Books

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