368 pp., 6.125 x 9.25, 26 illus., notes, bibl., index
Mexican Americans, African Americans, and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Texas
Between 1940 and 1975, Mexican Americans and African Americans in Texas fought a number of battles in court, at the ballot box, in schools, and on the streets to eliminate segregation and state-imposed racism. Although both groups engaged in civil rights struggles as victims of similar forms of racism and discrimination, they were rarely unified. In Fighting Their Own Battles, Brian Behnken explores the cultural dissimilarities, geographical distance, class tensions, and organizational differences that all worked to separate Mexican Americans and blacks.
Behnken further demonstrates that prejudices on both sides undermined the potential for a united civil rights campaign. Coalition building and cooperative civil rights efforts foundered on the rocks of perceived difference, competition, distrust, and, oftentimes, outright racism. Behnken's in-depth study reveals the major issues of contention for the two groups, their different strategies to win rights, and significant thematic developments within the two civil rights struggles. By comparing the histories of these movements in one of the few states in the nation to witness two civil rights movements, Behnken bridges the fields of Mexican American and African American history, revealing the myriad causes that ultimately led these groups to "fight their own battles."
“An important resource to include in a variety of course teaching materials, especially courses touching upon the topic of the history of civil rights activism. The book also serves as a useful guide for learning more about the sociology of social movements.”
--Ethnic and Racial Studies
“A much needed monograph on the history of the African American and Mexican American Civil Rights movements in Texas.”
--Southwestern Historical Quarterly
“Behnken has produced a valuable and challenging comparative study, essential reading for the post- World War II civil right movement, southern and western history, and whiteness studies.”
“Well written, soundly researched, and persuasively argued, Behnken’s study is a welcome addition to the history of civil rights in Texas.”
--American Historical Review
“An excellent contribution to the literature on civil rights. . . . It contains many fascinating details regarding the civil rights struggles of both groups.”
--Journal of American History
"This compelling and extensively researched book is the first major historical analysis to trace the roots of the generally separate, and often disparate, efforts of African Americans and Mexican Americans for equal rights under the law. Behnken's insightful scholarship makes this a pioneering study in U.S. and Texas history. It should spark debate and, I hope, shed more light on this complex and significant subject."
--Amilcar Shabazz, University of Massachusetts, Amherst
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