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392 pp., 6.125 x 9.25, 29 halftones, 12 maps, appends., notes, bibl., index

Civil War America

Cloth
ISBN  978-1-4696-1434-2
Published: July 2014

Stonewall's Prussian Mapmaker

The Journals of Captain Oscar Hinrichs

Edited by Richard Brady Williams

 
Foreword by Robert K. Krick

Prussian-born cartographer Oscar Hinrichs was a key member of Stonewall Jackson's staff, collaborated on maps with Jedediah Hotchkiss, and worked alongside such prominent Confederate leaders as Joe Johnston, Richard H. Anderson, and Jubal Early. After being smuggled along the Rebel Secret Line in southern Maryland by John Surratt Sr., his wife Mary, and other Confederate sympathizers, Hinrichs saw action in key campaigns from the Shenandoah Valley and Antietam to Gettysburg, Petersburg, and Appomattox. After the Confederate surrender, Hinrichs was arrested alongside his friend Henry Kyd Douglas and imprisoned under suspicion of having played a role in the Booth conspiracy, though the charges were later dropped.

Hinrichs's detailed wartime journals, published here for the first time, shed new light on mapmaking as a tool of war, illuminate Stonewall Jackson's notoriously superior strategic and tactical use of terrain, and offer unique perspectives on the lives of common soldiers, staff officers, and commanders in Lee's army. Impressively comprehensive, Hinrichs's writings constitute a valuable and revelatory primary source from the Civil War era.

About the Author

Richard Brady Williams is an independent historian based in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. He is author of Chicago’s Battery Boys: The Chicago Mercantile Battery in the Civil War’s Western Theater.


Reviews

“A treasure trove of detailed observation and candid insight.”
--The Civil War Round Table of the District of Columbia

“Williams has brought [Hinrichs] back to life through his vivid writings.”
--Civil War Times

“An indispensable source for studying the Army of Northern Virginia from the Peninsula campaign until the end of the war.”
--The Civil War Monitor

"Fascinating descriptions, opinions, and analyses brighten almost every page of [these] journals. . . . [For years] I have been saying [that] when Oscar reaches print, his memoir will be a candidate for denomination as Confederate Memoir of the Decade and among the dozen best ever to reach print. Here is Oscar Hinrichs at last, and in splendid form."
--Robert K. Krick, from the Foreword

"As the highly literate and unfailingly candid observations of a well-placed Confederate staff officer, Stonewall's Prussian Mapmaker is of paramount importance in understanding the leadership of the Army of Northern Virginia. Captain Hinrich’s character sketches of the legion of Southern generals whom he came to know intimately are among the most penetrating I have ever read. Enhanced by Richard Williams' fine editorial work, this book is sure to become a Confederate classic."
--Peter Cozzens, author of Shenandoah 1862: Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign

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