288 pp., 6.125 x 9.25, appends., notes, index
H. Eugene and Lillian Youngs Lehman Series
An Interpretation for Our Time
Americans live in a liberal democracy. Yet, although democracy is widely touted today, liberalism is scorned by both the right and the left. The United States stands poised between its liberal democratic tradition and the illiberal alternatives of liberalism's critics. John McGowan argues that Americans should think twice before jettisoning the liberalism that guided American politics from James Madison to the New Deal and the Great Society.
In an engaging and informative discussion, McGowan offers a ringing endorsement of American liberalism's basic principles, values, and commitments. He identifies five tenets of liberalism: a commitment to liberty and equality, trust in a constitutionally established rule of law, a conviction that modern societies are irreducibly plural, the promotion of a diverse civil society, and a reliance on public debate and deliberation to influence others' opinions and actions.
McGowan explains how America's founders rejected the simplistic notion that government or society is necessarily oppressive. They were, however, acutely aware of the danger of tyranny. The liberalism of the founders distributed power widely in order to limit the power any one entity could exercise over others. Their aim was to provide for all an effective freedom that combined the right to self-determination with the ability to achieve one's self-chosen goals. In tracing this history, McGowan offers a clear vision of liberalism's foundational values as America's best guarantee today of liberty and the peace in which to exercise it.
"A vigorous defense of the American liberal tradition."
--Political Science Quarterly
"A full-throated, multidimensional defense of liberalism against critics. . . . Recommended."
"If we ever get to a point where a liberal renaissance in American politics comes to be . . . we'll have McGowan's book . . . to thank for that moment's inspiration."
--American Book Review
"[In American Liberalism] McGowan argues passionately that Americans need to truly understand liberalism and its close relationship to democracy. . . . He's not interested in converting readers to liberalism but in ensuring that they understand its contributions to the very foundations of U.S. democracy."
"Political consultants will say, 'John McGowan has written a spirited, on-message defense of the Liberal brand.' Intellectuals will commend his erudition and his rigorous reasoning. And general readers will cheer McGowan as a graceful writer and shrewd thinker who understands political reality and not just academic theory."
--Walter Shapiro, Washington bureau chief, Salon.com, and author of One-Car Caravan: On the Road with the 2004 Democrats before America Tunes In
"'There is--and can be--nothing simple about liberalism.' So writes John McGowan in his rigorous and bracing defense of American liberalism--its stringent anti-totalitarianism, its cultural pluralism, and its radical egalitarianism. Nor is there is anything simple about McGowan's analysis. This is precisely the right book at the right time, a must-read not only for liberalism's embattled adherents but for all those, on the right and on the left, who have been trafficking in caricatures of liberalism for the past few decades. Attentive to injustices past and present, vigilant about tyrannies of all kinds, McGowan reminds us why the liberal tradition remains good to think with--and good to live by."
--Michael Bérubé, Pennsylvania State University
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